Hiking is an excellent way to keep fit and immerse yourself in the natural world. It can be dangerous, however, if you’re not prepared. Your body and nature must be respected. You will be fine if you are able to take care of yourself and be aware of what is happening around you. This article will explain how to stay safe on hikes.
Choose the right clothes
Your hiking clothes should reflect your journey. You should wear comfortable, breathable clothing that can keep you cool in the heat. When you push yourself too hard in hot weather, heat stroke and sun sickness are real problems.
You should also be covered up when it’s cold. Hypothermia can cause permanent damage to your body, and you may even be permanently disabled by frostbite.
To keep the elements from your skin, you’ll need a hardshell jacket if you are hiking in snow or rain. Before you leave your home, it is important to make this decision in advance.
You could be facing a difficult hike if you don’t have the right clothes. It is a waste of time to put yourself at risk for easily avoided complications.
You will need the right shoes no matter what the weather is. You can choose to hike in hiking shoes or running sneakers. You must choose between the two.
You will regret wearing open-toed shoes after a short time. Hiking shoes are best if you want to be as safe and secure as possible. These shoes are stronger and can have a steel toe cap for added protection. You can get in a lot of trouble if your footwear isn’t suitable for the trail. It is a smart idea to always have a hat on you.
It doesn’t matter if it is for protection from the sun or rain, it will always be handy. It can be carried in your bag and won’t take up too much space.
Make sure you have the right items in your bag
You should have everything you need to stay safe no matter what the weather. These are the essential items you should have with you, no matter where or when you go hiking.
Map of Compass
If you are following the trail, a compass and map combination will not be necessary. If you do need it, however, it is possible to use the compass and map combo if you are off-trail.
These items can be easily stored in your backpack and don’t take up too much space. You probably have a smartphone that has both a compass or a map, but it is not possible to rely on this information on the trail. What happens if your service is lost, you lose your phone or your battery dies? You should always have a physical map and compass.
Water is essential. You can get into many health problems if you don’t stay hydrated. On a hike, you should drink 16 ounces of water per hour.
You should bring a refilled canteen and as much water that you can carry. You should bring your plastic water bottles with you on the hike. You should take everything you have with you on the trail.
A small knife can help you get out of many difficult situations. You will love having it, no matter if you use it for self-defense or to help you. A knife can be used for self-defense, cutting wood, and many other purposes.
Get a folding knife, or at the very least a cover. If you are injured by a knife that is not in your bag, it can be dangerous to carry around.
Bear spray is the best way to protect yourself from coyotes, mountain lions, and bears. This is one of those items that could make the difference between life or death. It is unlikely that you will ever need it. However, it will always be available in case you do.
First aid kit
You should have a basic first aid kit that you can buy at any outdoor store. Most of the items you need are merely for situational purposes.
It is possible to use a sat-phone, but it depends on how long the hike will be. A sat-phone is not necessary if you’re only hiking for a 5-hour round trip. A sat-phone is essential if you plan to hike for several days. You will need a sat phone to ensure you get help quickly in emergency situations.
Although spare socks might seem silly, they can save your feet. You should change your socks if your socks get wet from water, sweat, or walking in a stream/river. Wet feet can cause blisters and general soreness. Wet socks can cause hypothermia or frostbite if you hike in cold conditions. You should always have at least one spare pair in case of emergency.
Sun cream/sun lotion
No matter what the temperature, the sun can cause severe skin burns. Anyone who has been skiing or snowboarding knows that sunburn can be a serious problem.
If you’re not prepared, the sun can reflect off snow and burn your skin extremely quickly. Do not be fooled by cloudy skies. The sun’s UV rays can penetrate clouds as well as burn you as fast as on a sunny day. Always keep sun protection in your bag.
Prepare for the future – Plan ahead
Planning is essential for your safety. Planning is more than just checking the weather forecast to ensure you are wearing the appropriate clothes.
To help you track your location on a map if cell phone service is unavailable, you need to plan your route. What terrain will you be traversing? You will need waterproof hiking shoes for crossing streams.
Are you able to eat and drink enough water if you’re going on a multiday hike? You will likely need to drink about a gallon of water per day on long, difficult hikes.
Are you able to eat enough snacks and food to sustain your energy levels throughout the entire journey? It can be dangerous to run out of water or food halfway through a multi-day hike. While you won’t die of starvation, complications due to tiredness or weakness can lead to serious injuries. You should prepare for all of these before you go.
Where will your trail take you? You will need to ensure that you have all the necessary equipment in case you end up hiking through bear country.
Are you carrying your bear spray and airhorn? Do you shout “Hey bear!” as you walk along the trail to scare away the bears? You might find yourself in a confrontation with a grizzly bear if you don’t.
Tell someone where you are and how long it will take. If you are ever lost, this will help to alert the authorities. People will notice that you are missing if your hike is late and not wait until your boss becomes concerned enough to call the authorities.
If you’re going on a hike and it takes X number of days, let someone you trust know. They should contact Y place to send assistance if you haven’t heard back in X days. This could save your life.
Know your limits
Hiking can be a great way of staying fit. It is also dangerous. It is dangerous to push yourself too far so it becomes unsafe. A 5-day solo hike of 5 days is not the best idea if you hike only 8 times per year and for a short time. You will be fine if you stick to your limits. Don’t rush to do that 5-day hike.